Home » Proposal » Shivapuri national park thesis proposal

Shivapuri national park thesis proposal

Shivapuri national park thesis proposal during pre

  • 1 Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, CHINA
  • 2 Himalayan Atmosphere Research Institute (HERI), Kathmandu, NEPAL
  • 3 Freelancer in public places Health insurance and Atmosphere, Kathmandu, NEPAL

Int. Res. J. Earth Sci.,Volume 3, Issue (2), Pages 1-6, Feb,25 (2015)


This research utilized the variation in physico-chemical qualities of soil in the Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park, central Nepal regarding elevation gradient. Field visits were conducted during pre-monsoon and publish-monsoon season. Soil samples were collected at each 100 m rise in elevation in the 15 cm depth from 1600 m to 2732 m (lower range is covered with pine forest while upper range is as simple as broad leaf forest with dense canopy) and packed in airtight polythene bag. Different parameters for example pH, soil moisture, organic matter, nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and water holding capacity were analysed within the lab by utilizing standard protocols. Significant variation in soil qualities at different altitudinal range was observed. Soil pH had negative exposure to growing altitude but soil nitrogen, organic matter, soil moisture and water holding capacity was discovered to be growing with growing altitude. However in situation of potassium, high concentration was observed in the centre altitudinal range while phosphorus content was stable during pre-monsoon and greater concentration at middle range during publish monsoon.


  1. Chen Z.S. Hsieh C.F. Jiang F.Y. Hsieh T.H. and Sun I.F. Relationships of soil qualities to topography and plant life inside a subtropical rainforest in southern Taiwan, Plant Ecosystem,(132), 229241(1997)
  2. Tsui C.C. Chen Z.S. and Hsieh C.F. Relationships between soil qualities and slope position inside a lowland rainforest of southern Taiwan, Geoderma,(123), 131142 (2004)
  3. Shrestha P. The plant life Analysis of specified a part of Godawari Hill Forest Area, M.Sc. Thesis posted to Central Department of Botany, T.U. Kathmandu, Nepal, (1979)
  4. Bhatnagar H.P. Soils from various quality Sal (Shorea robusta) forest of Uttar Pradesh, India, Tropical Ecosystem, (6), 56-62 (1965)
  5. Chapman J.L. and Reiss M.J. Ecosystem: Concepts and applications, Cambridge College Press. United kingdom (1992)
  6. Johnston A.E. Soil organic matter, effects on soil and crops, Soil use and management, (2), 97-105 (1986)
  7. Binkley D. and Viotusek P.M. Soil nutrient availability. In: Peraey RW, J Eheringer H.A. Mooney and P.W. Rundel (eds.) Plant Physiological Ecosystem, Field methods and instrumentation. London: Chapman and Hall 75-96 (1989)
  8. Hanawalt R.B. and Whittaker R.H. Attitudinally coordinated pattern of soils and plant life within the San Jacinto Mountain tops, California, Soil Science, 121(2), 114-124 (1976)
  9. Sheikh M.A. Kumar M. and Bussmann R.W. Altitudinal variation in soil organic carbon stock in coniferous subtropical and broadleaf temperate forests in Garhwal Himalaya, Carbon Balance and Management, 4, 6 (2009)
  10. Baniya S. Comparative Study of Soils between undisturbed and disturbed forest regions of Shivapuri watershed and wildlife Reserve, M.Sc. Thesis posted to Central Department of Botany, T.U. Kathmandu, Nepal (1998)
  11. Department of Nature and wildlife conservation (DNPWC), Protected Regions of Nepal, DNPWC, Kathmandu, Nepal (2003)
  12. Shrestha B.D. Research on soil erosion hazard, Field Document No. 9. Shivapuri Integrated watershed Development project HMG/FAO, Kathmandu, Nepal (1993)
  13. ICIMOD, Land cover Adjustment mapping of Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park, Nepal, Worldwide center for Integrated Mountain Development. Kathmandu, Nepal (2004)
  14. LRMP, Land Utilization Map, Topographical Survey Branch, Survey Department, HMG/ Kenting Earth Sciences Limited. Canada (1984)
  15. Zobel D.D. Jha P.K. Behan J.M. and Yadav U.K.R. An Operating Manual for Ecosystem, Ratna Books Distributor, Kathmandu, Nepal (1987)
  16. Walkley A. and Black I.A. A test from the Degtjareff way of figuring out soil organic matter, along with a suggested modification from the chromic acidity titration method, Soil Science,(37)29-38 (1934)
  17. Kjeldahl J.Z. A brand new way of the resolution of nitrogen in organic physiques, Analytical Chemistry, 22, 366 (1883)
  18. Olsen S.R. Cole C.V. Watanabe F.S. and Dean L.A. Estimation of accessible Phosphorus in Soils by Extraction with Those Who Are. Washington D.C. USA. U.S. Department of Agriculture Circular No. 939 (1954)
  19. Puffeles M. and Nessim N.E. Comparison of flame-photometric and chemical means of figuring out sodium and potassium in soil, plant material, water and serum, Analyst (82), 467-474 (1957)
  20. Bailey N.T.J. Record Methods in Biology (Third edition) Cambridge College Press, United kingdom (1995)
  21. Larcher W. Physicological Plant Ecosystem. Springer verlag Berlin Germany (1995)
  22. Shrestha B. Phytoecology of Barandabhar forest, Chitwan, Central Nepal. M.Sc. Thesis, posted to Central Department of Botany, T.U. Kathmandu, Nepal, (2003)
  23. Donahue R.L. Our Soils as well as their Management. II Edition. The Interstate Printer and Writer Corporation. 683 (1970)
  24. Paudel S. and Sah J.P. Physiochemical characteristics of soil tropical sal forest in eastern Nepal, Himalayan Journal of Science, 1(2), 107-110 (2003)
  25. Richards L.A. and Wadleigh C.H. Soil water and plant growth. In B.T. Shaw (erectile dysfunction), Soil Physical Conditions and Plant Growth, pp 73-251, Academic Press Corporation, New You are able to (1952)
  26. Pokhrel S. An Environmental study of Edapho-plant life linkage in Raj Nikunj (Gokarna forest). M.Sc. Thesis, posted to central Department of Botany, T.U. Kathmandu, Nepal (2002)
  27. Juwa G.B. Soil and of selected plantation areas within the Kathmandu project section of Hill Foresty Development Project. Forest research division, Department of Forestry and Research, Kathmandu, Nepal (1989)
  28. Sharma H.P. Study of Bio-diversity with regards to Atmosphere Gradient of Shivapuri. M.Sc. Thesis, posted to Central Department of Zoology, T.U. Kathmandu, Nepal (2000)
  29. Li-Feng M. Tong-Chao W. and Cao J. Aftereffect of Organic Matter on amount and accessibility to Nitrogen and Phosphorus in China, Comm Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 29(7-8), 947-953 (1998)
  30. Sigdel S.R. Attitudinally coordinated pattern of plant community structure within the Shivapuri National Park, Nepal, Banko Janakari, (18)111-17 (2008)

Share this:
custom writing low cost
Order custom writing