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X ray phase contrast imaging thesis proposal

X ray phase contrast imaging thesis proposal 1079 and


CALL FOR PROPOSALS:

ORGANIZERS

  • Harvey Thorleifson. Chair
    Minnesota Geological Survey
  • Carrie Jennings. Vice Chair
    Minnesota Geological Survey
  • David Bush. Technical Program Chair
    University of West Georgia
  • Jim Miller. Field Trip Chair
    University of Minnesota Duluth
  • Curtis M. Hudak. Sponsorship Chair
    Foth Infrastructure & Environment, LLC

Presentation Time: 9:45 AM

ROUNTREY, Adam N. . University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, FISHER, Daniel C. Museum of Paleontology and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1109 Geddes Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079 and LEE, Wah-Keat, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Lemont, IL 60439-4801, adam.rountrey@uwa.edu.au

Dentin grows by accretion, and daily growth increments are thought to be present in the dentin of all mammals. In addition, long-period (

7-day) growth increments and annual growth increments have been observed in mammoth tusks. Such increments are used to determine individual age and season of death, and to provide temporal calibration for dentin compositional (e.g. stable isotope) series. Because the clarity of daily growth increments varies in thin sections imaged with conventional light microscopy, it has been difficult to verify the expected relationship between supposed daily and annual growth increments (

365 daily growth increments per annual increment) by direct counting. Alternatives to continuous accretion marked by daily increments include the possibility of periods of the year during which dentin accretion might have stopped, or the possibility that mammoths living in the arctic, like some other arctic vertebrates, exhibited a lack of circadian organization under the constant-light conditions of the arctic summer.

X ray phase contrast imaging thesis proposal growth increments and annual growth

Using synchrotron X-ray phase-contrast imaging, we are able to observe daily growth increments throughout sections of arctic mammoth tusks. Each daily increment is approximately 14 to 23 microns in thickness. There are about 365 “daily” increments within the “annual” growth increments that have been analyzed, suggesting that the observed features do represent daily and annual features. This also shows that dentin accretion is continuous throughout the year. Furthermore, the consistent formation of daily growth lines may indicate that arctic mammoths maintained circadian organization throughout the year despite the lack of 24-hour light/dark cues in the summer and winter. It is also possible that the analyzed annual growth increments were actually formed when these mammoths were living south of the Arctic Circle, exposed to year-round 24-hour light/dark cues.

Wednesday, 12 October 2011: 9:00 AM-6:00 PM

Hall C (Minneapolis Convention Center)

Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 43, No. 5, p.616

2011 The Geological Society of America (GSA), all rights reserved. Permission is hereby granted to the author(s) of this abstract to reproduce and distribute it freely, for noncommercial purposes. Permission is hereby granted to any individual scientist to download a single copy of this electronic file and reproduce up to 20 paper copies for noncommercial purposes advancing science and education, including classroom use, providing all reproductions include the complete content shown here, including the author information.

X ray phase contrast imaging thesis proposal University of Michigan, 1109

All other forms of reproduction and/or transmittal are prohibited without written permission from GSA Permissions.


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