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Voice of color thesis proposal

Voice of color thesis proposal Such organization is helpful because

Contributed by B. Zakarin, Office of Fellowships, b-zakarin@northwestern.edu
Published: 2010
Initially written for History students writing proposals for any senior honors thesis, but relevant to any or all proposal writing&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160&#160

Personal pronouns

Authors use first person (&#8220I,&#8221 &#8220my&#8221) when discussing their very own interests and plans.&#160 This really is appropriate inside a research proposal because&#160you &#160will be accepted towards the Senior Thesis Program and/or awarded a summer time grant.

Well-organized sentences and headings

Typically, authors use subject sentences to signal a paragraph’s a key point.&#160 That time frequently matches a needed element, for example &#8220what I wish to learn,&#8221 &#8220what scholars have formerly studied,&#8221 or &#8220where I intend to find sources.&#8221&#160 Authors adding details that specify the subject sentence or argue the purpose it can make.&#160 Also, sentences shouldn’t be excessively lengthy.

Additionally to well-organized sentences, authors sometimes use headings to recognize key sections.&#160 Such organization is useful because readers frequently skim the beginnings of sections and sentences to locate a proposal’s primary argument before they’re going back for details.&#160 Headings and subject sentences highlight an offer’s structure.

Action-Oriented sentences

A preponderance of sentences should use&#160active voice.&#160&#160 Quite simply, sentences highlight who (or what) performs the experience:

  • My project uses&#8230
  • The present literature doesn’t show&#8230
  • I contend&#8230
  • I’ve ready for the work by&#8230
  • To reply to these questions, I’ll evaluate&#8230
  • This project will let me&#8230
  • This research concentrates on&#8230
  • Bibliographies mention&#8230
  • I have to visit&#8230

Active voice makes sentences shorter and clearer and makes authors seem confident.&#160 Use passive voice if you have the best reason behind doing this, for example once the actor matters not or when passive voice promotes coherence.&#160 Think about these examples in the model proposals:

Voice of color thesis proposal phrases that

  • Actor matters not
    • &#8220Several Connecticut newspapers circulated in Windham were recognized for their extreme zealotry.&#8221&#160 There is no need for&#160Alex Jarrell&#160 to state the public understood these newspapers for his or her zealotry.
    • &#8220In the 18 th &#160century, prostitutes were more and more regarded as outdoors the sphere of womanhood. Within the late 1760s, 2069 women were arrested.&#8221&#160 Who &#8220considered&#8221 or &#8220arrested&#8221 the ladies is apparent and trivial for&#160Arianne Urus’s &#160purposes.
  • Promote coherence
    • &#8220Elisabeth Julie Lacroix, for instance, would be a 49-year-old lady arrested in 1778, who was simply abandoned by her husband, unemployed four or five days, and without food for just one day. Her story is replicated numerous occasions&#8230&#8221&#160&#160Arianne’s &#160use from the passive voice enables her to help keep the main focus on Elisabeth’s story.

Passive or active voice is just a problem with action (transitive) verbs, that have objects.&#160 Some sentences simply employ condition-of-being (intransitive) verbs, for example &#8220is&#8221&#160 or &#8220was&#8221:

Voice of color thesis proposal 2010     Originally

  • &#8220The&#160New London Gazette&#160 can be obtained in the Northwestern Library on microfilm.&#8221 (Alex )
  • &#8220Martin Luther King’s status locally was under fire.&#8221 (Casey Kuklick )

These intransitive verbs are frequently necessary, however in a properly-written proposal, active verbs within the active voice will dominate.

Conciseness

Good proposal authors explain their ideas as succinctly as you possibly can.&#160 Most authors begin with an offer that’s a little too lengthy.&#160 They solicit the aid of advisors and peer reviewers to trim body fat.&#160 Together with unnecessary history, you ought to be vigilant about clunky phrases and excessive qualifying words.&#160 The next techniques for revision can help.

  • Change passive to active voice (see above)&#160
  • Eliminate &#8220stretcher&#8221 sentence openings
    • Wordy: &#8220It is these 3 details that decision Johnson’s theory into question.&#8221
      Concise: &#8220These three details call Johnson’s theory into question.&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220There were numerous laws and regulations within the 1890s that brought towards the arrests.&#8221
      Concise: &#8220Numerous laws and regulations within the 1890s brought towards the arrests.&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220It is my contention within this proposal that&#8230&#8221
      Concise: &#8220In this proposal, I contend that&#8230&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220It may be the belief on most scholars that&#8230&#8221
      Concise: &#8220Most scholars think that&#8230&#8221
  • Avoid nominalizations (i.e. nouns made up of &#8220hidden&#8221 verbs)
    • Wordy: &#8220This project concentrates on case study of&#8230&#8221
      Concise: &#8220This project will evaluate&#8230&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220Identification and look at the very first problem are essential for resolution from the second.&#8221
      Concise: &#8220We must identify and assess the first problem before we are able to resolve the 2nd.&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220Most critics have been in agreement with this particular assessment.&#8221
      Concise: &#8220Most critics accept this assessment.&#8221
  • Eliminate wordy phrases that represent personal writing ticks
    • Wordy: &#8220at this era&#8221
      Concise: &#8220now&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220due that&#8221
      Concise: &#8220because&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220at a later time&#8221
      Concise: &#8220later&#8221 or &#8220next&#8221 or &#8220then&#8221
    • Wordy: &#8220for the objective of&#8221 (as with &#8220for the objective of figuring out&#8221)
      Concise: &#8220for&#8221 or &#8220to&#8221 (as with &#8220for figuring out&#8221 or &#8220to determine&#8221)
    • Wordy: &#8220a most of&#8221
      Concise: &#8220most&#8221

Effective utilization of transitions

Transitional phrases and words show how sentences and concepts are based on one another.&#160 Used properly, they create it simpler for readers to follow along with your argument.&#160 The next transitions at or close to the beginnings of sentences can make your logic come through clearly and coherently to readers. &#160

  • To exhibit results &#8212&#8220therefore,&#8221 &#8220as an effect,&#8221 &#8220consequently,&#8221 &#8220thus,&#8221 &#8220hence.&#8221
  • To exhibit addition &#8212&#8220moreover,&#8221 &#8220furthermore,&#8221 &#8220also,&#8221 &#8220too,&#8221 &#8220besides,&#8221 &#8220in addition.&#8221
  • To exhibit similarity &#8212&#8220likewise,&#8221 &#8220also,&#8221 &#8220similarly.&#8221
  • To exhibit contrast &#8212&#8220however,&#8221 &#8220but,&#8221 &#8220yet,&#8221 &#8220still,&#8221 &#8220conversely,&#8221 &#8220nevertheless,&#8221 &#8220on another hands&#8221 (for those who have used &#8220on the main one hands&#8221 formerly).
  • To exhibit examples &#8212&#8220for example,&#8221 &#8220for instance,&#8221 &#8220specifically,&#8221 &#8220as sign.&#8221
  • To exhibit sequence or tim e&#8212&#8220first,&#8221 &#8220second,&#8221 &#8220third&#8221 &#8220previously,&#8221 &#8220now,&#8221 &#8220finally,&#8221 &#8220later&#8221 &#8220next,&#8221 &#8220then.&#8221
  • To exhibit spatial relations &#8212&#8220on the east,&#8221 &#8220on free airline&#8221 &#8220left,&#8221 &#8220right&#8221 &#8220close up,&#8221 &#8220far away.&#8221

Repetition and parallelism

Because the model proposals show, it’s frequently effective to repeat terms and phrases:&#160 &#8220I will pursue research in three areas&#8230 I’ll visit X in This summer to be able to&#8230 I’ll go to Y so will be able to&#8230&#8220&#160 The repetition during these sentences helps readers concentrate on the student’s suggested actions.

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