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English articles and summary writing

English articles and summary writing short and concise

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The exercises during this section provide choices for second language authors (ESL) of countless proficiency levels to coach with paraphrase and summary writing.

Exercises during this section were produced by Kamal Belmihoub. Last Update May 29, 2014.

Please make use of the navigation bar across the left or possibly the hyperlinks below to get involved with the person exercises.


Paraphrasing describes rewriting confirmed sentence with your own words. Whenever we must use a sentence within our writing that another person authored, we paraphrase it. That’s, we make use of the same idea(s) because sentence and write it differently. In addition for you to get different words, we use different grammar. The primary reason behind paraphrasing is because of obtaining the chance to make use of another person’s ideas basically we write your own texts. Clearly, it’s vital that any author acknowledges the very first source when using the proper citation format.

PayLess is closed due to the rainwater conditions.

PayLess is closed due to the rainwater.

This paraphrase has many words, for example “PayLess is closed due to” are repeated. You should utilize different words and grammatical structure, and also the identical concept of the very first sentence.

Because the the weather is terrible, the supermarket isn’t open

As show up in the above mentioned pointed out stated example, in addition for you to get different words, the grammatical structure within the sentence was altered by beginning while using the second part (dependent clause) within the original sentence.


An overview must be a brief kind of a lengthy original source. Its primary aim should be to present too much information online within the short and concise text including just the key ideas within the original text.

“The movement toward education by computer is developing fast. Massive Open Internet Based Courses, known as MOOCs, are altering how people learn in a number of places. For just about any extended time, people could receive study materials from colleges or universities and be a part of classes online. But such classes weren’t created for a lot of scholars formerly, as MOOCs are.” (MOOCS Are Ongoing To Move Forward. Voice of the usa, learningenglish.voanews.com)

Voice of the usa website:

“Computer education keeps growing fast. MOOCs are influencing how you study. People received materials from universities for almost any extended time so that you can take classes online. MOOCs would be the only ones thousands usually takes anytime.”

The inappropriate summary is nearly as extended because the original text, this is a symbol of a paraphrase. An overview ought to be concise.

With various Voice of the usa article, a quick-growing MOOCs movement enables thousands to consider classes online concurrently, altering how you learn.

The very best summary keeps the very first primary concept that is a lot shorter in comparison with original text.


Some reason the roughly 11 million undocumented immigrants inside the u . s . states . States must get yourself a path to US citizenship, even though some are convinced that these immigrants have to be deported for his or her house countries.

Some condition the 11 million undocumented immigrants inside the u . s . states . States must obtain a means of citizenship, although others condition the immigrants should return to their countries.

The inappropriate paraphrase is simply too close to the original sentence. Several test is similar along with the complex structure within the sentence is comparable. Deleting some words inside the original sentence isn’t enough to make a appropriate paraphrase.

Although some people might individuals maintain that undocumented immigrants should return to their countries, others defend these immigrants’ appropriate for a way to citizenship.

The very best paraphrase uses different structure for the sentence, and a lot of words vary from the very first.

Set of Works Consulted

“American History Series: The u . s . states . States Turns Inward After World War One.” Voice of the usa, 24 November. 2010. Web. 1 April 2013.

“Budgets Slash British Courses of instruction for Immigrants.” 8 Apr. 2013. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Bullying.” Science Daily, n.d. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Business British Loudspeakers Can nonetheless be Divided getting a typical Language.” Voice of the usa, 1 Marly. 2011. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Camaraderie of teams May Deter Bullying.” Science Daily, 5 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Childhood Bullying Improves the Inclination to Self-Harm During Adolescence.” Science Daily, 28 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Reference to Two Languages Might Have Far-Reaching Benefits.” Northwestern, 20 May 2009. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Global Economic Forum Rates Global Risks for 2013.” Voice of the usa, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Allow it to Snow, Allow it to Snow, Allow it to Snow!” Voice of the usa, 25 Jan. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Lifestyle Habits Lower Heart Failure Risk.” Science Daily, 13 Sep. 2011. Web. 30 May 2013.

“More Wins for TEA Party Activists, and could They Win in November?” Voice of the usa, 17 Sep. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Movies Become Big Business within the 1920s.” Voice of the usa, 7 12 ,. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“New Anti-Cancer Areas of Extra-Virgin Essential Essential Essential Olive Oil Revealed.” Science Daily, 27 12 ,. 2008. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Nh Oriental School Attracts non-Chinese Students.” 30 March. 2009. Web. 1 May 2013.

“Stop Smoking: Licensed Medications work effectively.” Science Daily, 30 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Soccer Training Improves Heart Health that face men with Diabetes Type 2 Symptoms Signs and symptoms.” Science Daily, 30 May 2013. Web. 30 May 2013.

“Tornado Season Returns, Voice of the usa.” Voice of the usa. 30 Apr. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“What’s the Hr Commission?” Capital of scotland- West Lafayette Indiana, 6 Marly. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“Women Edge Past Men to acquire Doctorates, Voice of the usa.” Voice of the usa, 5 March. 2010. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

“World’s Population Reaches 7 Billion Voice of the usa. 4 Jan. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

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