The aim of an overview is always to own readers, within the about 1/three in the original time period of articlesOraddress, a apparent, objective picture within the original lecture or text. Most significantly, the summary restates just the primary points in the text or maybe a lecture without giving examples or details. for example dates, figures or statistics.
Skills practiced: note-taking, paraphrasing (with your own words and syntax), condensing
Types of acceptable paraphrases and unacceptable paraphrases (= plagiarism). Plagiarism: How it’s and the ways to Recognize and steer apparent from this
Before writing the summary:
For almost any text, read, mark, and annotate the very first. (For almost any lecture, utilize the notes you possessed.)
- highlight the subject sentence
- highlight tipsOrcrucial words/phrases
- highlight the concluding sentence
- outline each paragraph within the margin
Take notes across the following:
- the building blocks (author–first/surname, title, date of publication, volume number, location of publication, author, URL, etc.)
- the primary concept of the very first (paraphrased)
- the main supporting points (in outline form)
- major supporting explanations (e.g. reasons/causes or effects)
Writing your summary–Steps:
Organize information right into a summary including primary ideas and supporting points but no examples or details (dates, figures, statistics).
In theOrher article (or lecture) ________________________, _____________________ (year)
(title, first letter capitalized) (author/lecturer’s surname)
argues/claims/reports/contends/maintains/states that __________________________________________________.
(primary idea/argument S + V + C)
Example: Inside the article Michael Dell turns notebook world completely, Andrew E. Serwer (1997) describes how Michael Dell founded Dell Computers and claims that Dells low-cost, direct-sales strategy and quality standards consider Dells enormous success.
Inside the book The Jewel. John Steinbeck (1945) illustrates the battle between good and evil in humankind.
Within my interview with him/her (date), __________________(name, surname) noticed that.
STRONG ARGUMENT== NEUTRAL==COUNTERARGUMENT==SUGGESTION==Critique
Other sorts of frames:
Based on ___________________ (year), ________________________________________.
(author’s surname) (primary idea S + V + C)
___________’s article on ______________ (year) discusses the ____________________.
(author’s surname) (subject) (primary idea Noun Phrase)
___________ (year), in theOrher article, ________________ argues that ________________.
author’s surname) (title of article) (primary idea S + V + C)
Based on Title need to know , (year), ____________________________________________.
(primary idea S+V+C)
_____________ includes a major effect on ________ (author’s surname, year).
The primary idea or argument ought to be incorporated during this first sentence.
Then mention the major aspects/factors/reasons which are discussed within the article/lecture. Provide a full reference using this citation inside the finish within the summary (see #6. below).
For almost any one-paragraph summary. discuss each supporting cause of another sentence. Give 1-2 explanations for every supporting point, summarizing the data inside the original.
For almost any multi-paragraph summary. discuss each supporting cause of another paragraph. Introduce it within the first sentence (subject sentence).
Example. The first major area by which women have be described as a effective pressure is politics.
Support your subject sentence while using the necessary reasons or arguments elevated using the author/lecturer but omit all references to details, for example dates or statistics.
Use discourse markers that reflect the organization and controlling concept of the very first, for instance cause-effect, comparison-contrast, classification, process, chronological order, persuasive argument, etc.
Within the longer summary, help help help remind readers that you’re paraphrasing by using indication phrases , for example
- The writer procedes condition that.
- The data (author) further claims that.
- (Author’s surname) also states/maintains/argues that.
- (Author’s surname) also believes that.
- (Author’s surname) concludes that
Restate the articles/lecturers conclusion in a single sentence.
Provide a full reference for the citation (understand the example below for the in-text citations in #2). For citing electronic sources, take a look at Citation of Electronic Sources.
Further illustrations. Take a look at it Tips about Summarizing across the Ohio Condition Flipped ESL YouTube funnel. This video investigates the fundamental elements needed to make a impressive one sentence summary along with a summary paragraph.
Serwer, A. (1997, Sept. 8). Michael Dell turns notebook world completely. Fortune. 76-86.
Steinbeck, J. (1945). The jewel. New You can: Penguin Books.
2006 Christine Bauer-Ramazani , Saint Michael’s College. Last updated: September 22, 2016